Tourist Guide > What to see > Historical cities

Horní Cerekev

No precise historical records have survived attesting to the date of the town’s establishment. The original settlement was settled by a man called Líček, and it was named Líčkovice after him. Later, the settlement was named after the church, originally wooden – cierkev. In the 14th century,


The first mention of human settlement in the area can be found in Kosmas’ Chronicle; permanent settlement probably commenced in the late 11th and early 12th centuries. The original settlement was established on Černovice Brook, and by the second half of the 14th century, seven mills had been buil

Golčův Jeníkov

There were several settlements between the 10th and the 12th centuries on the overland trail that passed through Bohemia to Moravia. In spite of that, the history of Jeníkov is not very clear. It can be assumed that the town came about through the merger of two settlements in the locale, some time


Habry was an ancient trading settlement on the overland route from Prague to German Brod (today Havlíčkův Brod) and on to Moravia. The town stretches along both banks of the River Malá Sázavka. The first written mention about the settlement of Habry can be found in Kosmas’ Chronicle from 1101

Havlíčkův Brod

The town’s history reaches back to the early 1200s. The original settlement near the silver mines gradually developed into a town with royal rights. Its rich history is documented by about a hundred sights; in the 1980s, the town’s centre was declared a heritage zone. The town walls with bastion

Bystřice nad Pernštejnem

The first historical reference to this town stretching along the River Bystřice is from 1220. The settlement was established as the economic centre of a newly colonised territory. The town flourished most under the rule of the Pernštejn family, in the 15th and 16th centuries. In 1580, Emperor Rudo


The town of Brtnice lies in the valley of a river of the same name, on the Jihlava – Třebíč road. The town’s name is derived from a place where bee-hives (“brtě”) used to stand. Until the Thirty Years War, Brtnice was one of the wealthiest towns in the Jihlava area, with flourishing trad


Finds of Neolithic pottery document that this locale has been settled since ancient times. The first written mention of Hrotovice can be found in a deed of King Přemysl Otakar I, from 1228. Since its founding, Hrotovice has had a fortress, a church, and a parish house. The Hrotovice estate was held


Humpolec lies near the D1 motorway, approximately half-way between Prague and Brno. The establishment of the medieval settlement in the 12th century was related to the ancient overland trail connecting Želiv Monastery with Prague and Moravia. The settlement belonged to the Order of Teutonic Knights


The first written reference to the town comes from 1265, but it can be supposed that the first settlement stood there in the 12th century and was probably related to the Libice Trail that passed through there. The first documented holder of the estate was Smil of Lichtemburk, who owned the silver mi

Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou

According to a legend, the settlement was founded in 1131 by the Přemyslid Prince Jaromír, but the first written records document the establishment of a fortress with a larger settlement only in the early 1300s. In the 16th century, the fortress was converted to a Renaissance chateau that was simi


Jemnice is one of the oldest towns in Moravia. The original settlement was established on the site of a border castle, dating from the late 11th and early 12th centuries. The town was established in the early 13th century as a royal property at a crossroads of trading routes, near a ford across the


Jihlava, the oldest mining town in the lands of the Bohemian crown, was established in the first half of the 13th century during the colonisation of the region, which was accelerated by the finding of silver ores. The riches flowing from mining were especially apparent in the generosity with which t

Kamenice nad Lipou

The first written mention of the town comes from 1267. Kamenice nad Lipou was established in the early 1200s as a settlement by a castle. According to the chronicler Hájek of Libočany, it was called Kamenice u Lipky, later was called Česká, and after the town walls were renewed in 1702, it recei

Ledeč nad Sázavou

Ledeč nad Sázavou is one of the oldest towns in Bohemia. Its origins can be dated to the mid 1100s, with the first written reports of it being from 1181 and 1186. In the 13th century, the Squires of Ledeč were noted as the owners, with Zikmund of Ledeč being the most significant: he was among th

Moravské Budějovice

The first written mention of the existence of settlement here dates to 1231 – the Budějovice area was a part of the dowry of Queen Constance, the widow of Přemysl Otakar I. This market settlement on the medieval trading route from Jihlava to Znojmo was elevated to the status of a town in

Náměšť nad Oslavou

The advantageous position on the River Oslava on an important route from Jihlava to Brno led to the establishment of a settlement that was first mentioned in 1234. At that time, it belonged to the Lords of Mezeříčí and Lomnice, who built a castle on the hill, meters above the river. The Žerotí

Nové Město na Moravě

The town is a sought-after tourist and recreation centre in the Žďárské vrchy hills. Ski tracks in the snowed-under countryside laid a foundation for the tradition of skiing and ski production in the region over a hundred years ago. Since 1934, the Golden Ski of the Bohemian Moravian Highlands h


The first period in which the town flourished was in the 15th and 16th centuries. It was then that Pacov acquired town privileges and the Gothic castle was turned into a chateau. In the early 18th century, the town became the property of the order of Barefooted Carmelites, which expanded the chateau


The town of Počátky lies in romantic countryside to the west of the highest point in the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands, Javořice Hill. Its name, meaning “Beginnings” in Czech, is derived from the beginnings, the springs, of local creeks and rivers. The name Počátky first appears in a registry


The original settlement was probably established in the mid 1100s, as a rest stop on one of the older branches of the Haberská Trail. The oldest written record of Polná is in the property deed of Jan I. of Polna from 1242, which was confirmed by the King of Bohemia Wenceslas I. It was probably gra


The history of the town reaches back to the 12th century. A legend considers Bishop Pelhřim (Pelegrine in Latin) to be the town’s founder. The original egg-shaped layout has survived to date. The town developed rapidly from the mid 1300s. Its owners, the Bishops of Prague, granted it a number of


The first trustworthy records of Přibyslav come from the middle of the 13th century. The town was established at the same time as the castle, whose task was to guard the overland trails that passed not far from town. The town’s early history is connected with silver extraction. During the Hussite

Světlá nad Sázavou

According to legend, Světlá was founded and named by King Charles IV. He got lost in the local deep forests during a hunt, and only after a long ramble, a lighter forest led him to a valley where his company found him. To commemorate the event, he had a portion of the forest cut and a settlement e


The entire region was settled in the 13th century, when an estate was established around Rychmburk Castle. The name of the medieval settlement is derived from the winding river. The oldest written reports date to around 1350; by the end of the 15th century, Svratka had held all of the rights of a to


The town of Telč is one of the most picturesque in the country. The precise date of the town’s establishment is not known. The oldest reliable information about Telč dates to 1333 – 1335, when the entire region belonged to the King of Bohemia. A royal intendant had his seat at the farmstead of


Over the long centuries of its existence, the city has become a major centre of Vysočina. It grew out of the foundations of the medieval settlement connected with the establishment of the Benedictine monastery in 1101, by princes from the Moravian branch of the ruling Přemyslid dynasty. The monast


The establishment of Třešť was probably connected with the discovery of silver in the Jihlava area and its extraction by the king. The little town with a triangular square in the centre was founded on the left bank of Třeštice Brook. Two trading routes intersected by the brook, and on its right

Velká Bíteš

The original settlement was established in a shallow basin at the crossroads of trading routes, before 1200. The first trustworthy document attesting to its existence is a parchment of King Wenceslas written in Latin and dated 1240, which is among the oldest written documents preserved in Moravia. T

Velké Meziříčí

The town lies at the confluence of the Rivers Oslava and Balinka, in the place where two major trade routes intersected. The town experienced the era of its greatest flourishing in the 16th century: trades developed, burghers built majestic houses, the town hall was rebuilt, and the Gothic St. Nicho

Žďár nad Sázavou

The town lies in the middle of the protected landscape area Žďárské vrchy (Žďár Hills). Its history is tied to the development of the Cistercian monastery established in 1252. Cardinal Frantisek of Ditrichstein promoted the small village of Žďár to a town in 1607

Ždírec nad Doubravou

The town lies at the foot of the Žďárské vrchy and Železné hory ranges. This region was only colonised in the late 14th century, when the local dense forests were gradually cut down and the first settlement was established at the crossroads of overland routes. The method of cutting bac


The town of Žirovnice is a sought-after recreational destination. The first written reference to Žirovnice comes from 1358, but archaeological finds of graphite pottery show that the region had been settled by the mid 13th century. The history of the town is tied to the history of the chat

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